The New York State Constitution, Article V, Section 6 mandates that appointments and promotions in New York Civil Service are made according to merit and fitness.
“Appointments and promotions in the civil service of the State and all of the civil divisions thereof, including cities and villages, shall be made according to merit and fitness to be ascertained as far as practicable by examination which as far as practicable, shall be competitive…”
New York State Civil Service Law provisions deal with civil service matters for the state and local/municipal governments. Each local or municipal civil service agency has adopted rules to carry into effect the provisions of Civil Service Law. The local/municipal rules have the force and effect of law, and govern many aspects of merit system administration in the municipalities.
In New York City the agency responsible for the administration of civil service is the Department of Citywide Administrative Services (DCAS). Civil service in NYC is administered under the Personnel Rules and Regulations of the City of New York.